Europe can completely switch to hydrogen fuel: at what stage of development in Ukraine
The world's first hydrogen-powered train was developed by German engineers from Alstom. It already runs between the cities of Lower Saxony.
The developer is currently building 10 more trains for the local railway. They say that refueling vehicles is very easy.
"It's as easy to refuel as a regular diesel train. You connect it to the pump and start pumping. In 15 minutes, everything is ready," said Rene Hessin, director of technical projects at Alstom.
What are the benefits of hydrogen transport
Even faster, you can refuel cars that run on hydrogen fuel. In just 5 minutes. Such transport is absolutely safe for the environment, because as a result of the use of hydrogen, only water is released into the environment.
In addition, the transport creates almost no noise. However, so far hydrogen cars and trains are not cheap: 1 kilogram of hydrogen in Germany costs 4-6 euros. This is 3 times more than the cost of gas needed to generate the same amount of energy.
The purpose of Europe
Germany is not alone in solving this problem. In 2019, the European Union adopted the so-called "Green Course". It envisages the development of green technologies, including multibillion-dollar investments in hydrogen energy, to achieve an ambitious goal: zero emissions of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere in 2050.
How much does it cost
There is no money for this in Europe. It is planned to allocate 4 trillion euros for the development of hydrogen energy alone. Ukraine can also get some of them. In September 2021, the state joined the project to build a Central European hydrogen corridor.
Ukraine has the largest gas transportation system on the continent. In a few years' time, its capacity may be vacated on the one hand due to the Kremlin's actions, which are squeezing out the transit market, and on the other hand due to European policy, which has plans to completely abandon fossil fuels by 2050.
Is there a chance to transport hydrogen
Gas pipes are not quite suitable for transporting hydrogen. However, this problem can be solved. This was stated by representatives of the Bavarian gas system operator Bayernets GmbH, which became partners of the Ukrainian GTS operator in the Central European hydrogen corridor.
What other problems are there?
This requires multimillion-dollar investments. German partners can give only part of the funds, the rest Ukrainians must find themselves. But this is not the only problem of the Ukrainian GTS.
Europe has conditions
Europe plans to purchase 10 gigawatts of hydrogen energy in Ukraine only in 2030. We do not yet have any producer of hydrogen mixture. All projects are under development.
In addition, we have few stations running on renewable energy sources. Europe is ready to buy only environmentally friendly, so-called green hydrogen, which is produced by wind or solar energy. For the development of solar and wind power plants, the Ukrainian government must develop transparent rules of the game in this area.
We need to act now so that we do not stay on the sidelines of European progress again.